Recommended Reading Archive

Recommended Reading Archive

Recommended Reading for previous Cases of the Months.

Please note that links and references were accurate at the time of publishing.

Recommended Reading September 2023

Pain Medicine

SL Ray-Griffith, M P Wendel, Z N Stowe, E F Magann. Chronic pain during pregnancy: a review of the literature. International Journal of Women’s Health Volume 10, 2018, Pages 153-164 | Published online: 18 Dec 2022. 

Pain Science

F Fiat, P E Merghes, A D Scurtu, B A Guta, C A Dehelean, N  Varan, E Bernad. The Main Changes in Pregnancy—Therapeutic Approach to Musculoskeletal Pain. Medicina 2022, 58(8), 1115.


  1. R. Landau. Post-caesarean delivery pain. Management of the opioid-dependent patient before, during and after caesarean delivery. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia; Volume 39, August 2019, Pages 105-116.
  2. Karen Schreiber, Margreta Frishman, Mark D Russell, Mrinalini Dey, Julia Flint, Alexander Allen, Amy Crossley, Mary Gayed, Kenneth Hodson, Munther Khamashta, Louise Moore, Sonia Panchal, Madeleine Piper, Clare Reid, Katherine Saxby, Naz Senvar, Sofia Tosounidou, Maud van de Venne, Louise Warburton, David Williams, Chee-Seng Yee, Caroline Gordon, Ian Giles. British Society for Rheumatology guideline on prescribing drugs in pregnancy and breastfeeding: comorbidity medications used in rheumatology practice. Rheumatology, Volume 62, Issue 4, April 2023, Pages e89–e104.
  3. Mark D Russell, Mrinalini Dey, Julia Flint, Philippa Davie, Alexander Allen, Amy Crossley, Margreta Frishman, Mary Gayed, Kenneth Hodson, Munther Khamashta, Louise Moore, Sonia Panchal, Madeleine Piper, Clare Reid, Katherine Saxby, Karen Schreiber, Naz Senvar, Sofia Tosounidou, Maud van de Venne, Louise Warburton, David Williams, Chee-Seng Yee, Caroline Gordon, Ian Giles. British Society for Rheumatology guideline on prescribing drugs in pregnancy and breastfeeding: immunomodulatory anti-rheumatic drugs and corticosteroids. Rheumatology, Volume 62, Issue 4, April 2023, Pages e48–e88.


D Ceprnja, L Chipchase, P Liamputtong A Gupta. “This is hard to cope with”: the lived experience and coping strategies adopted amongst Australian women with pelvic girdle pain in pregnancy. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth volume 22, Article number: 96 (2022).

Interventional Pain Medicine

K Meier, J Glavind, I Milidou, J C Hedemann Sorensen, P Sandager. Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface. Volume 26, Issue 1, January 2023, Pages 224-232.


VB Ferreira, L R Iuamoto, W T Hsing. Multidisciplinary Management of Musculoskeletal Pain During Pregnancy -A Review of Literature. The Journal of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 4(2):p 63-69, Apr–Jun 2021.

Occupational Therapy

Y Nakamura, Y S Tsuno, A Wada, K Nagasaka, M Kawajiri, Y Takeishi, M Yoshida, T Yoshizawa. Occupational stress is associated with job performance among pregnant women in Japan: comparison with similar age group of women. BMC Pregnancy and childcare: October 2022, Article number 749. 

Ethics and Law

J Couzin-Frankel. The Pregnancy Gap. 18 March 2022 – Vol 375, Issue 6586.

Recommended Reading August 2023

Pain Medicine

Malek S, Reinhold E, Pearce G. The Beighton Score as a measure of generalised joint hypermobility. Rheumatology International volume 41, pages1707–1716: (2021).

Pain Science

Tinkle B T. Symptomatic joint hypermobility Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology Volume 34, Issue 3, June 2020, 101508. 


Clive K, Ren M, Vadivelu S. The Links Between Fibromyalgia, Hypermobility and Neurodivergence – an opinion piece.


Orenius T, Hautianinen H, Louhi M, Montin L, Bulberna A, Lindgren KA. Health-Related Quality of Life and Psychological Distress in Patients With Hypermobility Type Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. SAGE Open Volume 12, Issue 2, April-June 2022. 

Interventional Pain Medicine

Cunha Carvalho H, Sales Santos Machado N, Yanez Silva A, Rocabado M, Rodrigues de Paula Junior A, Procopio Alves L, Ribeiro W, Lazo Osorio R. Autonomic nerve regulation in joint hypermobility patients with myofascial trigger points by Musculoskeletal Interfiber Counterirritant Stimulation (MICS). Medical Engineering & Physics Volume 109, November 2022, 103903. 


Simmonds J V. Masterclass: Hypermobility and hypermobility related disorders. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice Volume 57, February 2022, 102465.

Occupational Therapy

Dockrell DM, Berg KM, Ralston SH. Mind the gaps: therapists’ experiences of managing symptomatic hypermobility in Scotland. Rheumatology Advances in Practice, Volume 5, Issue 2, 2021. 

Ethics an Law

Bowen J,  Sobey G, Burrows N, Colombi M, Lavallee M, Malfait F, Francomano C. Ehlers–Danlos syndrome, classical type. American Journal of Medical Genetics, Volume 175, Issue 1, March 2017, Pages 27 -39. 

Recommended Reading July 2023

Pain Medicine

Fusco N, Bernard F, Roelants F, Watremez C, Musellec H, Laviolle B, Beloeil H. Hypnosis and communication reduce pain and anxiety in peripheral intravenous cannulation: Effect of Language and Confusion on Pain During Peripheral Intravenous Catheterization (KTHYPE), a multicentre randomised trial. Br J Anaesth. 2020 Mar;124(3):292-298. doi: 10.1016/j.bja.2019.11.020. Epub 2019 Dec 18. PMID: 31862159.

Pain Science

Wolf TG, Faerber KA, Rummel C, Halsband U, Campus G. Functional Changes in Brain Activity Using Hypnosis: A Systematic Review. Brain Sci. 2022 Jan 13;12(1):108. doi: 10.3390/brainsci12010108. PMID: 35053851; PMCID: PMC8773773.


Garland EL, Brintz CE, Hanley AW, Roseen EJ, Atchley RM, Gaylord SA, Faurot KR, Yaffe J, Fiander M, Keefe FJ. Mind-Body Therapies for Opioid-Treated Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2020 Jan 1;180(1):91-105. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4917. PMID: 31682676; PMCID: PMC6830441.


Jensen MP, Mendoza ME, Ehde DM, Patterson DR, Molton IR, Dillworth TM, Gertz KJ, Chan J, Hakimian S, Battalio SL, Ciol MA. Effects of hypnosis, cognitive therapy, hypnotic cognitive therapy, and pain education in adults with chronic pain: a randomized clinical trial. Pain. 2020 Oct;161(10):2284-2298. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001943. PMID: 32483058; PMCID: PMC7508809.

Interventional Pain Medicine

Wood C, Martiné G, Espagne-Dubreuilh G, Le Goff K, Moens M, Goudman L, Baron S, David R, Naïditch N, Billot M, Rigoard P. The Added Value of Intraoperative Hypnosis during Spinal Cord Stimulation Lead Implantation under Awake Anesthesia in Patients Presenting with Refractory Chronic Pain. Medicina (Kaunas). 2022 Feb 1;58(2):220. doi: 10.3390/medicina58020220. PMID: 35208543; PMCID: PMC8875752.


Locher C, Koechlin H. Do expectations influence pain? Recognizing Irving Kirsch's contribution to our understanding of pain. Am J Clin Hypn. 2023 Jan;65(3):211-222. doi: 10.1080/00029157.2022.2121677. Epub 2022 Oct 11. PMID: 36219555.

Occupational Therapy

Rousseaux F, Panda R, Toussaint C, Bicego A, Niimi M, Faymonville ME, Nyssen AS, Laureys S, Gosseries O, Vanhaudenhuyse A. Virtual reality hypnosis in the management of pain: Self-reported and neurophysiological measures in healthy subjects. Eur J Pain. 2023 Jan;27(1):148-162. doi: 10.1002/ejp.2045. Epub 2022 Oct 24. PMID: 36196745; PMCID: PMC10091709.

Ethics and Law

Nowak H, Zech N, Asmussen S, Rahmel T, Tryba M, Oprea G, Grause L, Schork K, Moeller M, Loeser J, Gyarmati K, Mittler C, Saller T, Zagler A, Lutz K, Adamzik M, Hansen E. Effect of therapeutic suggestions during general anaesthesia on postoperative pain and opioid use: multicentre randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2020 Dec 10;371:m4284. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m4284. PMID: 33303476; PMCID: PMC7726311.

Recommended Reading June 2023

Pain Medicine

Wilson SH, Hellman KM, James D, Adler AC, Chandrakantan A. Mechanisms, diagnosis, prevention and management of perioperative opioid-induced hyperalgesia. Pain Manag. 2021 Apr;11(4):405-417.

Pain Science

Khomula EV, Araldi D, Levine JD. In vitro nociceptor neuroplasticity associated with in vivo opioid-induced hyperalgesia. J. Neurosci. 39(36), 7061–7073 (2019).


Samuelsen PJ, Nielsen CS, Wilsgaard T, Stubhaug A, Svendsen K, Eggen AE. Pain sensitivity and analgesic use among 10,486 adults: the Tromso study. BMC Pharmacol. Toxicol. 18(1), 45 (2017).


Higgins C, Smith BH, Matthews K. Evidence of opioid-induced hyperalgesia in clinical populations after chronic opioid exposure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br. J. Anaesth. 122(6), e114–e126 (2019).

Interventional Pain Medicine

Fletcher D, Martinez V. Opioid-induced hyperalgesia in patients after surgery: a systematic review and a meta-analysis. Br. J. Anaesth. 112(6), 991–1004 (2014).


Gong X, Fan R, Zhu Q, Ye X, Chen Y, Zhang M. Exercise Reduces Morphine-Induced Hyperalgesia and Antinociceptive Tolerance. Biomed Res Int. 2021 Sep 27;2021:6667474. 

Occupational Therapy

Virani F, Miller M, Gilmour J. Opioid-induced hyperalgesia from alfentanil. BMJ Support Palliat. Care 10(3), 310–311 (2020).

Ethics and Law

Ezeh E, Singh D, Dobariya V, Akhigbe EJ, Gilkerson C. Opioid-Induced Hyperalgesia in a Cancer Patient on High-Dose Methadone Maintenance Therapy: A Case for Subspecialty Opioid Use Disorder Primary Care. Cureus. 2020 Dec 28;12(12):e12345. 

Recommended Reading May 2023

Pain Medicine

Vij N, Kiernan H, Bisht R, Singleton I, Cornett EM, Kaye AD, Imani F, Varrassi G, Pourbahri M, Viswanath O, Urits I. Surgical and Non-surgical Treatment Options for Piriformis Syndrome: A Literature Review. Anesth Pain Med. 2021;11(1):e112825.

Pain Science

Science: Larionov A, Yotovski P, Filgueira L. Novel anatomical findings with implications on the etiology of the piriformis syndrome. Surg Radiol Anat. 2022;44(10):1397-1407.


Huang ZF, Lin BQ, Torsha TT, Dilshad S, Yang DS, Xiao J. Effect of Mannitol plus Vitamins B in the management of patients with piriformis syndrome. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2019;32(2):329–37.


Rossettini G, Colombi A, Carlino E, Manoni M, Mirandola M, Polli A, Camerone EM, Testa M. Unraveling Negative Expectations and Nocebo-Related Effects in Musculoskeletal Pain. Front Psychol. 2022;13:789377.

Interventional Pain Medicine

Bardowski EA, Byrd JWT. Piriformis Injection: An Ultrasound-Guided Technique. Arthrosc Tech. 2019;8(12):e1457-e1461.


Ahmad Siraj S, Dadgal R. Physiotherapy for Piriformis Syndrome Using Sciatic Nerve Mobilization and Piriformis Release. Cureus. 2022;14(12):e32952.

Occupational Therapy

Galof K, Šuc L. Exploring Teachers' Back Pain Concerning Their Habits, Rules, Leisure Activities, and Physical Activity Breaks at Work. Inquiry. 2021;58:469580211060256.

Ethics and Law

Casale R, Atzeni F, Bazzichi L, Beretta G, Costantini E, Sacerdote P, Tassorelli C. Pain in Women: A Perspective Review on a Relevant Clinical Issue that Deserves Prioritization. Pain Ther. 2021;10(1):287-314.

  1. Benjamin M Davies,  Oliver D Mowforth,  Emma K Smith,  Mark RN Kotter
    Degenerative cervical myelopathy
    BMJ 2018; 360 doi:
    (Published 22 February 2018)
  2. Lindsay Tetreault, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, Michael G. Fehlings
    Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: A Practical Approach to Diagnosis
    Global Spine Journal (open access) Volume 12, Issue 8, 2022
  3. Allan R. Martin, Lindsay Tetreault, Shekar N Kurp
    Imaging and Electrophysiology for Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy [AO Spine RECODE-DCM Research Priority Number 9]
    Global Spine Journal Volume 12, Issue 1_suppl

Recommended Reading April 2023

Pain Medicine

Seesaghur A, Petruski-Ivleva N, Banks VL, Wang JR, Abbasi A, Neasham D, Ramasamy K. Clinical features and diagnosis of multiple myeloma: a population-based cohort study in primary care. BMJ Open. 2021 Oct 6;11(10):e052759

Pain Science

Padala SA, Barsouk A, Barsouk A, Rawla P, Vakiti A, Kolhe R, Kota V, Ajebo GH. Epidemiology, Staging, and Management of Multiple Myeloma. Med Sci (Basel). 2021 Jan 20;9(1):3


Marino S, Petrusca DN, Roodman GD. Therapeutic targets in myeloma bone disease. Br J Pharmacol. 2021 May;178(9):1907-1922 


Howell DA, McCaughan D, Smith AG, Patmore R, Roman E. Incurable but treatable: Understanding, uncertainty and impact in chronic blood cancers-A qualitative study from the UK's Haematological Malignancy Research Network. PLoS One. 2022 Feb 10;17(2):e0263672

Interventional Pain Medicine

Kyriakou C, Molloy S, Vrionis F, Alberico R, Bastian L, Zonder JA, Giralt S, Raje N, Kyle RA, Roodman DGD, Dimopoulos MA, Rajkumar SV, Durie BBG, Terpos E. The role of cement augmentation with percutaneous vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty for the treatment of vertebral compression fractures in multiple myeloma: a consensus statement from the International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG). Blood Cancer J. 2019 Feb 26;9(3):27


Nicol JL, Woodrow C, Burton NW, Mollee P, Nicol AJ, Hill MM, Skinner TL. Physical Activity in People with Multiple Myeloma: Associated Factors and Exercise Program Preferences. J Clin Med. 2020 Oct 13;9(10):3277

Occupational Therapy

Janssens R, Lang T, Vallejo A, Galinsky J, Morgan K, Plate A, De Ronne C, Verschueren M, Schoefs E, Vanhellemont A, Delforge M, Schjesvold F, Cabezudo E, Vandebroek M, Stevens H, Simoens S, Huys I. What matters most to patients with multiple myeloma? A Pan-European patient preference study. Front Oncol. 2022 Nov 29;12:1027353

Ethics and Law

Ludwig H, Bailey AL, Marongiu A, Khela K, Milligan G, Carlson KB, Rider A, Seesaghur A. Patient-reported pain severity and health-related quality of life in patients with multiple myeloma in real world clinical practice. Cancer Rep (Hoboken). 2022 Jan;5(1):e1429

Recommended Reading for March 2023

Pain Medicine

Shiferaw A, Mola S, Gashaw A, Sintayehu A. Evidence-based practical guideline for procedural pain management and sedation for burn pediatrics patients undergoing wound care procedures. Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2022;83:104756. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2022.104756

Pain Science

Morgan M, Deuis JR, Frøsig-Jørgensen M, Lewis RJ, Cabot PJ, Gray PD, et al. Burn Pain: A Systematic and Critical Review of Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Treatment. Pain Medicine. 2018;19(4):708-34. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnx228


Heikal S, Stuart G. Anxiolytic premedication for children. BJA Educ. 2020;20(7):220-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bjae.2020.02.006


Moline RL, McMurtry CM, Noel M, McGrath PJ, Chambers CT. Parent–child interactions during pediatric venipuncture: Investigating the role of parent traits, beliefs, and behaviors in relation to child outcomes. Canadian Journal of Pain. 2021;5(1):151-65. doi: 10.1080/24740527.2021.1952065

Interventional Pain Medicine

Suleiman-Martos N, García-Lara RA, Membrive-Jiménez MJ, Pradas-Hernández L, Romero-Béjar JL, Dominguez-Vías G, Gómez-Urquiza JL. Effect of a game-based intervention on preoperative pain and anxiety in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Clin Nurs. 2022 Dec;31(23-24):3350-3367. doi: 10.1111/jocn.16227. Epub 2022 Jan 24. PMID: 35075716; PMCID: PMC9787560.


Wallwork SB, Noel M, Moseley GL. Communicating with children about 'everyday' pain and injury: A Delphi study. Eur J Pain. 2022 Oct;26(9):1863-1872. doi: 10.1002/ejp.2008. Epub 2022 Jul 21. PMID: 35829711; PMCID: PMC9545644.

Occupational Therapy

Czech O, Wrzeciono A, Rutkowska A, Guzik A, Kiper P, Rutkowski S. Virtual Reality Interventions for Needle-Related Procedural Pain, Fear and Anxiety-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Clin Med. 2021 Jul 23;10(15):3248. doi: 10.3390/jcm10153248. PMID: 34362032; PMCID: PMC8347054.

Ethics and Law


Karlsson, K., Galvin, K., & Darcy, L. Medical procedures in children using a conceptual framework that keeps a focus on human dimensions of care - a discussion paper. International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being. 2019;14(1)
doi: 10.1080/17482631.2019.1675354

  1. National Library of Medicine: Diskitis - Joseph D. Muscara; Eric Blazar. 
  2. The diagnosis and management of discitis and spinal infection - David A. Samy, Surya Gandham, Marcus DeMatas Surgery (Oxford) Volume 39, Issue 8, August 2021, pages 540-546 
  3. Non-infectious thoracic discitis: A diagnostic and management dilemma. A report of two cases with review of the literature Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery. Volume 190, March 2020, 105648
  4. Spondylodiscitis—a cohort analysis of its identification and management Farzan Dholoo, Anjali Sriramanarayanan, Savi Prabha Krishna Prasad, James Livingstone, Nicki Lewis, Vishal Prasad, Ashwin Unnithan International Orthopaedics Volume 47, pages 813–818 (2023) 

Recommended reading for February 2023

Pain Medicine

Shanthanna H, Nelson AM, Kissoon N et al. The COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences for chronic pain: a narrative review. Anaesthesia. 2022 Sep;77(9):1039-1050. doi: 10.1111/anae.15801.

Pain Science

Crook H, Raza S, Nowell J et al. Long covid—mechanisms, risk factors, and management. BMJ  2021; 374 :n1648 doi:10.1136/bmj.n1648


Gonzalez-Martinez A, Guerrero-Peral ÁL, Arias-Rivas S et al. Amitriptyline for post-COVID headache: effectiveness, tolerability, and response predictors. J Neurol. 2022 Nov;269(11):5702-5709. doi: 10.1007/s00415-022-11225-5. 


Wolf S, Zechmeister-Koss I, Erdös J. Possible long COVID healthcare pathways: a scoping review. BMC Health Serv Res. 2022 Aug 23;22(1):1076. doi: 10.1186/s12913-022-08384-6.

Interventional Pain Medicine

IASP covid-19 and pain resources:


Fugazzaro S, Contri A, Esseroukh O, Kaleci S, Croci S, Massari M, Facciolongo NC, Besutti G, Iori M, Salvarani C, Costi S; Reggio Emilia COVID-19 Working Group. Rehabilitation Interventions for Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome: A Systematic Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Apr 24;19(9):5185. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19095185. PMID: 35564579; PMCID: PMC9104923.

Occupational Therapy

Brehon K, Niemeläinen R, Hall M, Bostick GP, Brown CA, Wieler M, Gross DP. Return-to-Work Following Occupational Rehabilitation for Long COVID: Descriptive Cohort Study. JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol. 2022 Sep 14;9(3):e39883. doi: 10.2196/39883. PMID: 36094442; PMCID: PMC9484483.

Ethics and Law

National Institute of Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: managing the
long-term effects of COVID-19. 2022.

Recommended reading for January 2023

Pain Medicine

Sarah Sussman, Zachary Zimmerman, Taylor Chishom, Lauren Reid and Mohammad Seyyedi. 
Migraine-Associated Otalgia: An Underappreciated Entity. J Audiol Otol. 2022 Apr; 26(2): 90–96.

Pain Science

Jessica Coulter, Edward Kwon. Otalgia. Study Guide from StatPearls Publishing, Treasure Island (FL), 22 Nov 2019.


Mavrommatis, Maria A.; Fan, Caleb J.; Villavisanis, Dillan F; Kaul, Vivian F; Schwam, Zachary G.; Wong, Kevin∗; Perez, Enrique∗; Wanna, George B.; Cosetti, Maura K. Opioids Are Infrequently Required following Ambulatory Otologic Surgery. Otology & Neurotology 42(9):p 1360-1365, October 2021.


TaoXiang,  JuanZhong, TaoLu, Jun-meiPu,  LuLiu, YanXiao, DanLai. Effect of educational counseling alone on people with tinnitus: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Patient Education and Counselling, Volume 103, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages 44-54.

Interventional Pain  Medicine

Ye Sull Kim, Ji-Seon Son, Hyungseok Lee, A. Ram Doo. A case report of refractory otalgia after Ramsay Hunt syndrome successfully treated by applying pulsed radiofrequency to the great auricular nerve. Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Oct 1; 100(39): e27285.


Munira Ally, Ahmad Moinie, Joan Lomas, Daniele Borsetto, George Mochloulis, Manohar Bance, Paolo Boscolo-Rizzo & Ananth Vijendren. Aetiology and management options for secondary referred otalgia: a systematic review and meta-analyses. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology (2022).

Occupational Therapy

Eldre Beukes, Alyssa Jade Ulep, Taylor Eubank, Vinaya Manchaiah. The Impact of COVID-19 and the Pandemic on Tinnitus: A Systematic Review. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(13), 2763.

Ethics and Law


Sedina Lewis, Emtiyaz Chowdhury, David Stockdale, Veronica Kennedy. Assessment and management of tinnitus: summary of NICE guidance. BMJ 2020;368:m976.

Recommended reading for December 2022

Pain Medicine

Gong Y, Tan Q, Qin Q, Wei C. Prevalence of postmastectomy pain syndrome and associated risk factors: A large single-institution cohort study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2020 May;99(20):e19834.

Pain Science

Calapai M, Esposito E, Puzzo L, Vecchio DA, Blandino R, Bova G, Quattrone D, Mannucci C, Ammendolia I, Mondello C, Gangemi S, Calapai G, Cardia L. Post-Mastectomy Pain: An Updated Overview on Risk Factors, Predictors, and Markers. Life (Basel). 2021 Sep 29;11(10):1026.


Shen C, Thornton JD, Gu D, Dodge D, Zhou S, He W, Zhao H, Giordano SH. Prolonged Opioid Use After Surgery for Early-Stage Breast Cancer. Oncologist. 2020 Oct;25(10):e1574-e1582. doi: 10.1634/theoncologist.2019-0868. Epub 2020 Jun 2.


Zinboonyahgoon N, Patton ME, Chen YK, Edwards RR, Schreiber KL. Persistent Post-Mastectomy Pain: The Impact of Regional Anesthesia Among Patients with High vs Low Baseline Catastrophizing. Pain Med. 2021 Aug 6;22(8):1767-1775.

Interventional Pain Medicine

Fujii T, Shibata Y, Akane A, Aoki W, Sekiguchi A, Takahashi K, Matsui S, Nishiwaki K. A randomised controlled trial of pectoral nerve-2 (PECS 2) block vs. serratus plane block for chronic pain after mastectomy. Anaesthesia. 2019 Dec;74(12):1558-1562.


Bruce J, Mazuquin B, Canaway A, Hossain A, Williamson E, Mistry P, Lall R, Petrou S, Lamb SE, Rees S, Padfield E, Vidya R, Thompson AM; Prevention of Shoulder Problems Trial (PROSPER) Study Group. Exercise versus usual care after non-reconstructive breast cancer surgery (UK PROSPER): multicentre randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation. BMJ. 2021 Nov 10;375:e066542.

Occupational Therapy

Prieto-Gómez V, Yuste-Sánchez MJ, Bailón-Cerezo J, Romay-Barrero H, de la Rosa-Díaz I, Lirio-Romero C, Torres-Lacomba M. Effectiveness of Therapeutic Exercise and Patient Education on Cancer-Related Fatigue in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Randomised, Single-Blind, Controlled Trial with a 6-Month Follow-Up. J Clin Med. 2022 Jan 5;11(1):269.

Ethics an Law

Sipilä RM, Haasio L, Meretoja TJ, Ripatti S, Estlander AM, Kalso EA. Does expecting more pain make it more intense? Factors associated with the first week pain trajectories after breast cancer surgery. Pain. 2017 May;158(5):922-930.

Recommended Reading November 2022

Pain Medicine

Ammendolia C, Hofkirchner C, Plener J, et al. Non-operative treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis with neurogenic claudication: an updated systematic review. BMJ Open. 2022 Jan 19;12(1):e057724. 

Pain Science

Rikke Krüger Jensen, Tue Secher Jensen, Bart Koes & Jan Hartvigsen. Prevalence of lumbar spinal stenosis in general and clinical populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Spine Journal volume 29, pages2143–2163 (2020) 


André Bussières, Carolina Cancelliere, Carlo Ammendolia, et al. Non-Surgical Interventions for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Leading To Neurogenic Claudication: A Clinical Practice Guideline. The Journal of Pain
Volume 22, Issue 9, September 2021, Pages 1015-1039. 


Tomoko Kitano ,Mamoru Kawakamia, Daisuke Fukui, et al. Preoperative psychological factors affecting surgical satisfaction of elderly patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. Journal of Orthopaedic Science Volume 25, Issue 5, September 2020, Pages 751-756. 

Interventional Pain Medicine

Wenxing Zhao, Yong Wang,  Jianping Wu, et al. Long-Term Outcomes of Epidurals with Lidocaine With or Without Steroids for Lumbar Disc Herniation and Spinal Stenosis: A Meta-Analysis. Pain Physician 2020; 23:365-374.


Michael J. Schneider, Carlo Ammendolia, Donald R. Murphy, et al. Comparative Clinical Effectiveness of Nonsurgical Treatment Methods in Patients With Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - A Randomized Clinical Trial. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation January 4, 2019, JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(1) 

Occupational Therapy

Samantha Jacobi, Kina Amber Beynon, Stephan U., et al. Effectiveness of Conservative Nonpharmacologic Therapies for Pain, Disability, Physical Capacity, and Physical Activity Behavior in Patients With Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Volume 102, Issue 11, November 2021, Pages 2247-2260.e7

Ethics an Law

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2016). Low back pain and sciatica in over 16s: assessment and management. NICE guideline (NG59). 


Recommended Reading October 2022

Pain Medicine

Kazeminasab S, Nejadghaderi SA, Amiri P, et al. Neck pain: global epidemiology, trends and risk factors. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2022 Jan 3;23(1):26. doi: 10.1186/s12891-021-04957-4.

Pain Science

Westgate CSJ, Israelsen IME, Jensen RH, Eftekhari S. Understanding the link between obesity and headache- with focus on migraine and idiopathic intracranial hypertension. J Headache Pain. 2021 Oct 10;22(1):123. doi: 10.1186/s10194-021-01337-0.


Scheffler A, Schenk H, Wurthmann S, et al. CGRP antibody therapy in patients with drug resistant migraine and chronic daily headache: a real-world experience. J Headache Pain. 2021 Sep 20;22(1):111. doi: 10.1186/s10194-021-01323-6.


Knestrick KE, Gibler RC, Reidy BL, el al. Psychological Interventions for Pediatric Headache Disorders: A 2021 Update on Research Progress and Needs. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2022 Jan;26(1):85-91. doi: 10.1007/s11916-022-01007-z. Epub 2022 Feb 2.

Interventional Pain Medicine

Chang YJ, Hung KC, Chen IW, et al. Efficacy of greater occipital nerve block for pain relief in patients with postdural puncture headache: A meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Dec 23;100(51):e28438. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000028438.


Ludvigsson ML, Peterson G, Peolsson A. Neck-specific exercise for radiating pain and neurological deficits in chronic whiplash, a 1-year follow-up of a randomised clinical trial. Sci Rep. 2020 Apr 21;10(1):6758. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-62722-4.

Occupational Therapy

Xie Y, Coombes BK, Thomas L, Johnston V. Time Course and Risk Profile of Work-Related Neck Disability: A Longitudinal Latent Class Growth Analysis. Phys Ther. 2022 Jun 3;102(6):pzac050. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzac050.

Ethics and Law

Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society (IHS) The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition. Cephalalgia. 2018;38(1):1-211.

Recommended Reading September 2022

Pain Medicine

Davies A, Fox K, Galassi AR, Banai S, Ylä-Herttuala S, Lüscher TF. Management of refractory angina: an update. Eur Heart J. 2021 Jan 20;42(3):269-283.

Pain Science

Gallone G, Baldetti L, Tzanis G, Gramegna M, Latib A, Colombo A, Henry TD, Giannini F. Refractory Angina: From Pathophysiology to New Therapeutic Nonpharmacological Technologies. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2020 Jan 13;13(1):1-19.


Shaker SR, Al-Amran F, Fatima G, Al-Aubaid H, Hadi NR. Trimetazidine Improves the Outcome of EECP Therapy in Patients with Refractory Angina Pectoris. Med Arch. 2020 Jun;74(3):199-204.


Richards SH, Anderson L, Jenkinson CE, Whalley B, Rees K, Davies P, Bennett P, Liu Z, West R, Thompson DR, Taylor RS. Psychological interventions for coronary heart disease: Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2018 Feb;25(3):247-259. 

Interventional Pain Medicine

Wang J, Wu XC, Zhang MM, Ren JH, Sun Y, Liu JZ, Wu XQ, He SY, Li YQ, Zhang JB. Spinal cord stimulation reduces cardiac pain through microglial deactivation in rats with chronic myocardial ischemia. Mol Med Rep. 2021 Dec;24(6):835.


de Assumpção CRA, do Prado DML, Jordão CP, Dourado LOC, Vieira MLC, Montenegro CGSP, Negrão CE, Gowdak LHW, De Matos LDNJ. Cardiopulmonary exercise test in patients with refractory angina: functional and ischemic evaluation. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2022 Feb 5;77:100003.

Occupational Therapy

Cheng K, de Silva R. A multi-disciplinary care pathway improves symptoms, QoL and medication use in refractory angina. Br J Cardiol. 2020 May 20;27(2):12

Ethics and Law

Duarte RV, McNicol E, Colloca L, Taylor RS, North RB, Eldabe S. Randomized Placebo-/Sham-Controlled Trials of Spinal Cord Stimulation: A Systematic Review and Methodological Appraisal. Neuromodulation. 2020 Jan;23(1):10-18. doi: 10.1111/ner.13018. Epub 2019 Jul 15. PMID: 31305001; PMCID: PMC7004207.

Recommended Reading August 2022

Pain Medicine

Lesley A Colvin. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN): where are we now? Pain. 2019 May; 160(Suppl 1): S1–S10.

Pain Science

Petra Baum, Klaus V. Toyka, Matthias Blüher, Joanna Kosacka , Marcin Nowicki Inflammatory Mechanisms in the Pathophysiology of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DN)—New Aspects. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(19), 10835;


Andreas Liampas, Martina Rekatsina, Athina Vadalouca, Antonella Paladini, Giustino Varrassi & Panagiotis Zis. Pharmacological Management of Painful Peripheral Neuropathies: A Systematic Review. Pain and Therapy volume 10, pages 55–68 (2021)


Ben Davies, Fiona Cramp, Jeremy Gauntlett-Gilbert. Peoples’ experiences of painful diabetic neuropathy: are pain management programmes appropriate? British Journal of Pain, Volume: 15 issue: 4, page(s): 450-459.

Interventional Pain Medicine

Liting Sun , Changgeng Pengl Elbert Joosten, Chi Wai Cheung, et al. Spinal Cord Stimulation and Treatment of Peripheral or Central Neuropathic Pain: Mechanisms and Clinical Application. Review Article – Neural Plasticity Volume 2021 |Article ID 5607898.


Chien-Chen Huang, Tsung-Jung Ho, Hsin-Yueh Ho, et al.Acupuncture Relieved Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Patients with Breast Cancer: A Pilot Randomized Sham-Controlled Trial. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(16), 3694;

Occupational Therapy

Mary Anne Lagmay Tanay, Jo Armes, Rona Moss-Morris, Anne Marie Rafferty & Glenn Robert. A systematic review of behavioural and exercise interventions for the prevention and management of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy symptoms. Journal of Cancer Survivorship (2021).

Ethics and Law

Raymond Price, Don Smith, Gary Franklin, et al. Oral and Topical Treatment of Painful Diabetic Polyneuropathy: Practice Guideline Update Summary. Report of the AAN Guideline Subcommittee. Neurology January 04, 2022; 98 (1) SPECIAL ARTICLE.

Recommended Reading July 2022

Pain Medicine

Radu A & Bungau SG. Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Overview. Cells. 2021 Nov;10(11):2857.

Pain Science

Gioia C, Lucchino B, Tarsitano MG, Iannuccelli C, Di Franco M. Dietary Habits and Nutrition in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Can Diet Influence Disease Development and Clinical Manifestations? Nutrients. 2020 May;12(5): 1456.


Zhang M, Hu W, Cai C, Wu Y, Li J, Dong S. Advanced application of stimuli-responsive drug delivery system for inflammatory arthritis treatment. Mater Today Bio. 2022 Feb 21;14:100223.


Sparks JA, Malspeis S, Hahn J, Wang J, Roberts AL, Kubzansky LA, Costenbader KH. Depression and Subsequent Risk for Incident Rheumatoid Arthritis Among Women. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2021 Jan;73(1):78-89.

Interventional Pain Medicine

Cho HK, Park G, Sung WJ, Kawk SG, Jung WB. Effects of intra-articular pulsed radiofrequency current administration on a rabbit model of rheumatoid arthritis. Exp Ther Med. 2020 Nov;20(5):29.


Wen Z, Chai Y. Effectiveness of resistance exercises in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: A meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Apr 2; 100(13): e25019.

Occupational Therapy

Rodrigues M, Rodrigues J, Afonso C, et al. Hand function and adaptive equipment use in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Acta Reumatol Port. Oct-Dec 2019;44(4):273-280.

Ethics and Law

Alsaber A, Pan J, Al-Herz A, Alkandary DS, Al-Hurban A, Setiya P. Influence of Ambient Air Pollution on Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Score Index. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jan; 17(2): 416.

Recommended Reading June 2022

Pain Medicine

Nick Christelis, MD et al. Persistent Spinal Pain Syndrome: A Proposal for Failed Back Surgery Syndrome and ICD-11. Pain Medicine, Volume 22, Issue 4, April 2021, Pages 807–818, Published: 27 January 2021.

Pain Science

Philippe Rigoard et al.  A Novel Multi-Dimensional Clinical Response Index Dedicated to Improving Global Assessment of Pain in Patients with Persistent Spinal Pain Syndrome after Spinal Surgery, Based on a Real-Life Prospective Multicentric Study (PREDIBACK) and Machine Learning Techniques. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(21), 4910; Published: 24 October 2021.


Laurens Peene et al, PROSPECT Working Group Collaborators & European Society of Regional Anaesthesia. Pain management after laminectomy: a systematic review and procedure-specific post-operative pain management (prospect) recommendations. European Spine Journal, volume 30, pages2925–2935 (2021).


Marek Ryan et al. Validity of a pre-surgical algorithm to predict pain, functional disability, and emotional functioning 1 year after spine surgery. American Psychological Association, Psychological assessment
2021, Volume 33, No6 541 – 551.

Interventional Pain Medicine

Philippe Rigoard et al. Multicolumn spinal cord stimulation for predominant back pain in failed back surgery syndrome patients: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Pain. 2019 Jun; 160(6): 1410–1420. Published online 2019 Feb 1.


Simon LaFrance et al. Single session compared with multiple sessions of education and exercise for older adults with spinal pain in an advanced practice physiotherapy model of care: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, Volume 11, Issue 9, August 2021.

Occupational Therapy

Nicolas Naiditch et al. Professional Status of Persistent Spinal Pain Syndrome Patients after Spinal Surgery (PSPS-T2): What Really Matters? A Prospective Study Introducing the Concept of "Adapted Professional Activity” Inferred from Clinical, Psychological and Social Influence. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(21), 5055.

Ethics and Law


(Getting it right first time) GIRFT Spinal Surgery, published 2019.

Recommended Reading May 2022 by Dr Kerry Bosworth

Diagnosis and Treatment of Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis: A Review.

Katz JN, Arant KR, Loeser RF.

JAMA. 2021 Feb 9;325(6):568-578.

Effects of Interleukin-1β Inhibition on Incident Hip and Knee Replacement : Exploratory Analyses From a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. 

Schieker M, Conaghan PG, Mindeholm L, et al. 

Ann Intern Med. 2020 Oct 6;173(7):509-515.

An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Duloxetine for Knee Osteoarthritis Pain
Chen B, Duan J, Wen S, Pang J, et al.

Clin J Pain. 2021 Nov 1;37(11):852-862.

Depression in patients with knee osteoarthritis: risk factors and associations with joint symptoms.

Zheng S, Tu L, Cicuttini F, et al.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2021 Jan 7;22(1):40

Procedural Treatments for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Review of Current Injectable Therapies.
Billesberger LM, Fisher KM, Qadri YJ, et al. 

Pain Res Manag. 2020 Feb 18;2020:3873098.

Active video games for knee osteoarthritis improve mobility but not WOMAC score: A randomized controlled trial.

Yu-Ting Lin, Wen-Chung Lee, Ru-Lan Hsieh.

Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Volume 63, Issue 6, 2020, Pages 458-465.

Effects of orthopedic insoles on patients with knee osteoarthritis: A meta-analysis and systematic review.

Yu L, Wang Y, Yang J, et al. 

J Rehabil Med. 2021 May 18;53(5):jrm00191.

2019 American College of Rheumatology/Arthritis Foundation Guideline for the Management of Osteoarthritis of the Hand, Hip, and Knee.

Kolasinski SL, Neogi T, Hochberg MC, et al. 

Arthritis Rheumatol. 2020 Feb;72(2):220-233.

Recommended Reading April 2022

A practical review of functional neurological disorder (FND) for the general physician

Karina Bennett, A Clare Diamond, B Ingrid Hoeritzauer, C Paula Gardiner, D Laura McWhirter, E Alan Carson, F and Jon Stone

Clin Med (Lond). 2021 Jan; 21(1): 28–36

NeuroImage: Clinical

Volume 22, 2019, 101798

Structural alterations in functional neurological disorder and related conditions: a software and hardware problem?

Indrit Bègue, Caitlin Adams, Jon Stone, David L. Perez

Clinical and Translational Science

Volume11, Issue 4 July 2018, Pages 352-364

Clinical and Functional Relevance of the Monocarboxylate Transporter Family in Disease Pathophysiology and Drug Therapy

Pascale Fisel, Elke Schaeffeler, Matthias Schwab

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2021; 92:36–44.

Review: Systematic review of psychotherapy for adults with functional neurological disorder

Myles Gutkin, Loyola McLean, Richard Brown, Richard A Kanaan

Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, volume 93, Issue 3, 2021

Review: Neuromodulation for the treatment of functional neurological disorder and somatic symptom disorder: a systematic review

Chika Oriuwa, Adriano Mollica, Anthony Feinstein, Peter Giacobbe, Nir Lipsman, David L Perez, Matthew J Burke

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health Volume57, Issue1, January 2021, Pages 73-79

Psychologically informed physiotherapy as part of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program for children and adolescents with functional neurological disorder: Physical and mental health outcomes

Kozlowska Kasia, Gray Nicola, Scher Stephen, Savage Blanche

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2020;91:1037–1045.

Occupational therapy consensus recommendations for functional neurological disorder

Clare Nicholson, Mark J Edwards, Alan J Carson, et al.

The IASP classification of chronic pain for ICD-11: chronic primary pain

Nicholas Michael; Vlaeyen Johan W.S., Rief Winfried, et al

PAIN: January 2019 - Volume 160 - Issue 1 - p 28-37

Recommended Reading March 2022

Levy N, Mills P, Rockett M. Post-surgical pain management: time for a paradigm shift.

Br J Anaesth. 2019 Aug;123(2):e182-e186. doi: 10.1016/j.bja.2019.05.031. Epub 2019 Jun 12. PMID: 31202562; PMCID: PMC6676157

Tchetina EV, Glemba KE, et al. Development of Postoperative Pain in Patients with End-Stage Knee Osteoarthritis Is Associated with Upregulation of Genes Related to Extracellular Matrix Degradation, Inflammation, and Apoptosis Measured in the Peripheral Blood before Knee Surgery. Life (Basel).

2020 Sep 30;10(10):224. doi: 10.3390/life10100224. PMID: 33007930; PMCID: PMC7600231.

Rienstra W, Blikman T, Dijkstra B, et al . Effect of preoperative duloxetine treatment on postoperative chronic residual pain after total hip or knee arthroplasty: a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open. 2021 Nov 3;11(11):e052944. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-052944. PMID: 34732491; PMCID: PMC8572398.

Vila MR, Todorovic MS, Tang C, et al. Cognitive flexibility and persistent post-surgical pain: the FLEXCAPP prospective observational study.

Br J Anaesth. 2020 May;124(5):614-622. doi: 10.1016/j.bja.2020.02.002. Epub 2020 Mar 10. PMID: 32169255.

Güler T, Yurdakul FG, Önder ME, et al. Ultrasound-guided genicular nerve block versus physical therapy for chronic knee osteoarthritis: a prospective randomised study.

Rheumatol Int. 2022 Feb 14:1–10. doi: 10.1007/s00296-022-05101-8. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35165769; PMCID: PMC8852952.

Robinson A, McIntosh J, Peberdy H, et al. The effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions on pain and quality of life in adults with persistent post-surgical pain compared to usual care: A systematic review.

PLoS One. 2019 Dec 13;14(12):e0226227. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226227. PMID: 31834898; PMCID: PMC6910682.

Nielsen SS, Christensen JR, Søndergaard J, et al. Feasibility assessment of an occupational therapy lifestyle intervention added to multidisciplinary chronic pain treatment at a Danish pain centre: a qualitative evaluation from the perspectives of patients and clinicians. Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being.

2021 Dec;16(1):1949900. doi: 10.1080/17482631.2021.1949900. PMID: 34252015; PMCID: PMC8276665.

Kamaci S, Ozdemir E, Utz C, Colosimo A. Mandatory Prescription Limits and Opioid Use After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

Orthop J Sports Med. 2021 Sep 14;9(9):23259671211027546. doi: 10.1177/23259671211027546. PMID: 34541012; PMCID: PMC8445535.

Recommended Reading February 2022

Vincent K, Evans E. An update on the management of chronic pelvic pain in women.

Anaesthesia. 2021 Apr;76 Suppl 4:96-107. doi: 10.1111/anae.15421. PMID: 33682093.

Guo R, Chen LH, Xing C, Liu T. Pain regulation by gut microbiota: molecular mechanisms and therapeutic potential.

Br J Anaesth. 2019 Nov;123(5):637-654. doi: 10.1016/j.bja.2019.07.026. Epub 2019 Sep 21. PMID: 31551115.

Horne AW, Vincent K, Hewitt CA, Middleton LJ, Koscielniak M, Szubert W, Doust AM, Daniels JP; GaPP2 collaborative. Gabapentin for chronic pelvic pain in women (GaPP2): a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet.

2020 Sep 26;396(10255):909-917. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31693-7. Erratum in: Lancet. 2020 Oct 24;396(10259):1334. PMID: 32979978; PMCID: PMC7527829.

Till SR, As-Sanie S, Schrepf A. Psychology of Chronic Pelvic Pain: Prevalence, Neurobiological Vulnerabilities, and Treatment.

Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2019  Mar;62(1):22-36. doi: 10.1097/GRF.0000000000000412. PMID: 30383545; PMCID: PMC6340718.

Woodroffe RW, Pearson AC, Pearlman AM, Howard MA, Nauta HJW, Nagel SJ, Hori YS, Machado AG, Almeida Frizon L, Helland L, Holland MT, Gillies GT, Wilson S. Spinal Cord Stimulation for Visceral Pain: Present Approaches and Future Strategies.

Pain Med. 2020 Oct 1;21(10):2298-2309. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnaa108. PMID: 32719876.

Nygaard AS, Rydningen MB, Stedenfeldt M, Wojniusz S, Larsen M, Lindsetmo RO, Haugstad GK, Øian P. Group-based multimodal physical therapy in women with chronic pelvic pain: A randomized controlled trial.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2020 Oct;99(10):1320-1329. doi: 10.1111/aogs.13896. Epub 2020 Jun 1. PMID: 32386466.

Kim BJ, Cho IS, Cho KI. Impact of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction Therapy on Myocardial Function and Endothelial Dysfunction in Female Patients with Microvascular Angina.

J Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 2017 Dec;25(4):118-123. doi: 10.4250/jcu.2017.25.4.118. Epub 2017 Dec 29. PMID: 29333218; PMCID: PMC5762694.

Robinson SC. No exchange, same pain, no gain: Risk-reward of wearable healthcare disclosure of health personally identifiable information for enhanced pain treatment.

Health Informatics J. 2019 Dec;25(4):1675-1691. doi: 10.1177/1460458218796634. Epub 2018 Sep 11. PMID: 30204037.

Recommended Reading January 2022

Prevalence and Management Challenges in Central Post-Stroke Neuropathic Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis 

Andreas Liampas . Nikolaos Velidakis . Tiffany Georgiou  et al
Adv Ther (2020) 37:3278–3291

Mapping the network underpinnings of central poststroke pain and analgesic neuromodulation

Elias, Gavin J.B, De Vloo, et al.

PAIN: December 2020 - Volume 161 - Issue 12 - p 2805-2819

Neuropathic Pain: From mechanisms to treatment

Nanna Brix Finnerup, Rohini Kuner, Troels Staehelin Jensen

Physiological Reviews Review Article, 2021, Physiol Rev 101: 259–301

Lessons Learned and Future Actions: Implementing a Stroke Specific Self-Management Program Research Study 

Kimberly Hreha, Mandi Sonnenfeld, Annalisa Na, Riqiea Kitchens, Timothy Reistetter

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume 102, Issue 10, October 2021, Pages e86-e87

Dorsal root ganglion stimulation for treatment of central poststroke pain in the lower extremity after medullary infarction

Kretzschmar, Michael, Reining, Marco
PAIN: November 2021 - Volume 162 - Issue 11 - p 2682-2685

Effect of electroacupuncture on relieving central post-stroke pain by inhibiting autophagy in the hippocampus

Ling Zheng, Xin-Yi Lib, Feng-Zhen Huang Xi et al.

Brain Research, Volume 1733, 15 April 2020, 146680

The Experience of Post-Stroke Pain and The Impact on Quality of Life: An Integrative Review

Hannah Payton and Andrew Soundy

Behavioural. Science. 2020, 10, 128

Management of long-term complications of stroke 

NICE Guidance (Last revised September 2021)

Recommended Reading December 2021

Erlenwein J, Diers M, Ernst J, Schulz F, Petzke F. Clinical updates on phantom limb pain. Pain Rep. 2021 Jan 15;6(1):e888. 

Makin TR, Flor H. Brain (re)organisation following amputation: Implications for phantom limb pain. Neuroimage. 2020 Sep;218:116943. 

Hall N, Eldabe S. Phantom limb pain: a review of pharmacological management. Br J Pain. 2018 Nov;12(4):202-207.

Fuchs X, Flor H, Bekrater-Bodmann R. Psychological Factors Associated with Phantom Limb Pain: A Review of Recent Findings. Pain Res Manag. 2018 Jun 21;2018:5080123.

McCulloch Gallagher R, Sandbrink F. The Socioeconomic Burden of Pain From War. Am J Public Health. 2019 Jan;109(1):41-45. 

Limakatso K, Madden VJ, Manie S, Parker R. The effectiveness of graded motor imagery for reducing phantom limb pain in amputees: a randomised controlled trial. Physiotherapy. 2020 Dec;109:65-74. 

Hoffman HG, Boe DA, Rombokas E, Khadra C, LeMay S, Meyer WJ, Patterson S, Ballesteros A, Pitt SW. Virtual reality hand therapy: A new tool for nonopioid analgesia for acute procedural pain, hand rehabilitation, and VR embodiment therapy for phantom limb pain. J Hand Ther. 2020 Apr-Jun;33(2):254-262. 

Ilfeld BM, Khatibi B, Maheshwari K, Madison SJ, Esa WAS, Mariano ER, Kent ML, Hanling S, Sessler DI, Eisenach JC, Cohen SP, Mascha EJ, Ma C, Padwal JA, Turan A; PAINfRE Investigators. Ambulatory continuous peripheral nerve blocks to treat postamputation phantom limb pain: a multicenter, randomized, quadruple-masked, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Pain. 2021 Mar 1;162(3):938-955. 

Recommended Reading November 2021

Pain. 2021 Sep; 162(9): 2346–2348.

Published online 2021 Mar 15. 

The Valencia consensus-based adaptation of the IASP complex regional pain syndrome diagnostic criteria

Andreas Goebel, Frank Birklein, Florian Brunner et al

The Journal of Pain

Available online 20 October 2021

Substance P serum degradation in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome – another piece of the puzzle?

Simone König, Christian Engl, Malte Bayer, et al.

Pain Research and Management

Volume 2020 |Article ID 8182569 |

Prednisone for Acute Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Andrew Jamroz, Michael Berger, and Paul Winston

Current Psychology published on line February 2020

Psychological, social and biological correlates of body perception disturbance in complex regional pain syndrome
H. Schulte-Goecking,  M. Azqueta-Gavaldon , C. Storz  et al.

Journal of Translational Autoimmunity
Volume 4, 2021, 100080

Complex regional pain syndrome – Autoimmune or functional neurologic syndrome

Christopher Chang, Patrick McDonnell, M. Eric Gershwin

Innov Clin Neurosci. 2020 Apr 1; 17(4-6): 47–52.

Immersive Virtual Reality for Pain Relief in Upper Limb Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: A Pilot Study

Brian Chau, Ivan Phelan, , Phillip Ta et al.

Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology volume 6, pages 299–311 (2020)

The Role of Nonmedical Therapeutic Approaches in the Rehabilitation of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Charlotte Boichat, Alison Llewellyn, Sharon Grieve & Candida McCabe

Neuromodulation, Volume24, Issue4, June 2021, Pages 708-718

Cost-Effectiveness of Dorsal Root Ganglion Stimulation or Spinal Cord Stimulation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Nagy Mekhail, Timothy R. Deer, Lawrence Poree et al.

Recommended Reading October 2021

Exploring the Role of Chronic Pain Clinics: Potential for Opioid Reduction

Amol Patwardhan, , Ryan Matika, , Janalee Gordon, , Brian Singer, , Michelle Salloum, , and Mohab Ibrahim, 

Pain Physician 2018; 21:E 603-E610 • ISSN 2150-1149

Drug addiction: from bench to bedside

Julian Cheron & Alban de Kerchove d’Exaerde 

Translational Psychiatry volume 11, Article number: 424 (2021)

The opioid crisis: Origins, trends, policies, and the roles of pharmacists 

Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Christina A Spivey, Erin Sherwin, James Wheeler, Kenneth Hohmeier, 

American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, Volume 76, Issue 7, 1 April 2019, Pages 424–435,

Mental health, pain, and risk of drug misuse: A nationwide cohort study

Dana A Glei, Maxine Weinstein

Addictive Behaviours
Volume 109, October 2020, 106467

European Journal of Pain, Volume25, Issue5, May 2021, Pages 949-968

European* clinical practice recommendations on opioids for chronic noncancer pain – Part 1: Role of opioids in the management of chronic noncancer pain

Winfried Häuser, Bart Morlion et al

An Innovative Physical Therapy Intervention for Chronic Pain Management and Opioid Reduction Among People Living with HIV

Sara D. Pullen, Carlos del Rio et al
BioResearch Open AccessVol. 9, No. 1

American Occupational Therapy Association

Recovery With Purpose: Occupational Therapy and Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Ashley Opp

Recommended Reading September 2021

A web-based, branching logic questionnaire for the automated classification of migraine

Eric A Kaiser, Aleksandra Igdalova, Geoffrey K Aguirre and Brett Cucchiara
Cephalalgia 2019, Vol. 39(10) 1257–1266


Current concept of the pathophysiology of migraine and new targets for its therapy
Tabeeva G.R. Katsapava Z

Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics 2020;12(4):143–152

The efficacy of botulinum toxin type-A for intractable chronic migraine patients with no pain-free time

Dominic Atraszkiewicz, Rieko Ito, Anish Bahra

The British Journal of Pain First Published May 24, 2021

Effectiveness of mindfulness by smartphone, for patients with chronic migraine and medication overuse during the Covid-19 emergency

Licia Grazzi, Paul Rizzoli & Frank Andrasik 

Neurological Sciences volume 41, pages 461–462 (2020)

Peripheral nerve stimulation registry for intractable migraine headache (RELIEF): a real-life perspective on the utility of occipital nerve stimulation for chronic migraine

Keyoumars Ashkan, Giannis Sokratous, Hartmut Göbel, Vivek Mehta, Astrid Gendolla, Andrew Dowson, Theresa Wodehouse, Axel Heinze & Charly Gaul 

Acta Neurochirurgica, volume 162, pages 3201–3211 (2020)

Neck pain associated with migraine does not necessarily reflect cervical musculoskeletal dysfunction

Zhiqi Liang, Lucy Thomas, Gwendolen Jull, Joanne Minto, Hossein Zareie, Julia Treleaven 

Headache Volume61, Issue6, June 2021, Pages 882-894

United States Patients’ Perspective of Living with Migraine: Country-Specific Results From the Global “My Migraine Voice” Survey

Sarah N. Gibbs, Shweta Shah, Chinmay G. Deshpande, Mark E. Bensink, Michael S. Broder, Paula K. Dumas, Dawn C. Buse, Pamela Vo, Todd J. Schwedt

Headache, Volume 60, Issue7, July/August 2020 Pages 1351-1364

NICE Guidelines

Headaches in over 12s: diagnosis and management

Updated May 2021

Recommended Reading August 2021

L. Bendtsen, J. M. Zakrzewska, J. Abbott, M. Braschinsky, G. Di Stefano, A. Donnet, P. K. Eide, P. R. L. Leal, S. Maarbjerg, A. May, T. Nurmikko, M. Obermann, T. S. Jensen, G. Cruccu: European Academy of Neurology guideline on trigeminal neuralgia

European Journal of Neurology Volume 26, Issue 6 June 2019 Pg 831 - 849 First published: 12 March 2019

Eder Gambeta, Juliana G. Chichorro, Gerald W. Zamponi: Trigeminal neuralgia: An overview from pathophysiology to pharmacological treatments

Molecular Pain January 26, 2020 Vol 16 1-18

Satish V Khadilkar, Varsha A Patil: Medical Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia


REVIEW ARTICLE Year : 2021    Volume : 69  Issue : 7   Page : 199-205

L. N. Melek, M. Devine, T. Renton: The psychosocial impact of orofacial pain in trigeminal neuralgia patients: a systematic review


International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume 47, Issue 7, July 2018, Pages 869-878

Zachary S. Mendelson, Jayant R. Velagala, Gurkirat Kohli, Gary M. Heir, Antonios Mammis James, K.Liu
: Pain-Free Outcomes and Durability of Surgical Intervention for Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Comparison of Gamma Knife and Microvascular Decompression


World Neurosurgery
Volume 112, April 2018, Pages e732-e746


Zamani S, Okhovatian F: Physiotherapy management in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia – a case report


Journal of Physiotherapy Clinical Research 2018, 3(1), 42 -27

Carolina Venda Nova, Joanna M. Zakrzewska, Sarah R. Baker, Richeal NiRiordain: Treatment Outcomes in Trigeminal Neuralgia–A Systematic Review of Domains, Dimensions and Measures

World Neurosurgery: Volume 6, April 2020, 100070

Hughes J, de Gray L: Ethical challenges faced when there is a mismatch between guidelines, patient autonomy and clinical practice

British Journal of Hospital Medicine Vol. 82, No. 6 Editorial July 2021


Recommended Reading July 2021

Anthony L. Komaroff and Lucinda Bateman: Will COVID-19 Lead to Myalgic  Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?

Frontiers in Pain medicine, 18 January 2021

Jose G. Montoya, Tyson H. Holmes, Jill N. Anderson, Holden T. Maecker, Yael Rosenberg-Hasson, Ian J. Valencia, Lily Chu, Jarred W. Younger, Cristina M. Tato, and Mark M. Davis: Cytokine signature associated with disease severity in chronic fatigue syndrome patients

Research article, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science United States of America

L. D. Crosby, S. Kalanidhi, A. Bonilla, A. Subramanian, J. S. Ballon & H. Bonilla: Off label use of Aripiprazole shows promise as a treatment for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS): a retrospective study of 101 patients treated with a low dose of Aripiprazole

Journal of Translational Medicine volume 19, Article number: 50 (2021)

Carolyn E. Wilshire, Tom Kindlon, Robert Courtney, Alem Matthees, David Tuller, Keith Geraghty & Bruce Levin: Rethinking the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome—a reanalysis and evaluation of findings from a recent major trial of graded exercise and CBT

BMC Psychology volume 6, Article number: 6 (2018)

Do-Young Kim, Jin-Seok Lee, Samuel-Young Park, Soo-Jin Kim & Chang-Gue Son: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials for chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME)

Journal of Translational Medicine volume 18, Article number: 7 (2020)

Lillebeth LarunKjetil G BrurbergJan Odgaard-Jensen Jonathan R Price: Exercise therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome

Cochrane database of systematic reviews: October 2019

Panagiotis V. Tsaklis: How would a post-virus chronic fatigue syndrome affect the performance of workers that fell ill from COVID-19?

IETI Transactions on Ergonomics and Safety 2020, Volume 4, Issue 1, 9-13

Amberly Brigden, Alison Shaw & Esther Crawley: “It’s a medical condition … you need to support as much as possible”: a qualitative analysis of teachers’ experiences of chronic fatigue syndrome / myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME)

BMC Paediatrics volume 21, Article number: 6 (2021)

Recommended Reading June 2021

Aziza Alenezi, Asma Yahyouche & Vibhu Paudyal:  Current status of opioid epidemic in the United Kingdom and strategies for treatment optimisation in chronic pain 

International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy volume 43, pages 318–322 (2021) 

Zoë Dworsky-Fried, Bradley J.Kerra, Anna M.W.Taylor: Microbes, microglia, and pain 

Neurobiology of Pain, Volume 7, January–July 2020, 100045 

Wainberg M, Jacobs, GR, di Forti M, Tripathy SJ:  Cannabis, schizophrenia genetic risk, and psychotic experiences: a cross-sectional study of 109,308 participants from the UK Biobank 

Translational Psychiatry volume 11, Article number: 211 (2021) • Published: 09 April 2021 

Bertha K. Madras, Ph.D., and Hilary Connery, M.D., Ph.D. Psychiatry and the Opioid Overdose Crisis Focus Vol. 17, No. 2, Spring 2019 

Martin John Wilby, Ashley Best, Eifiona Wood, Girvan Burnside, Emma Bedson, Hannah Short, Dianne Wheatley, Daniel Hill-McManus, Manohar Sharma, Simon Clark, Ganesan Baranidharan, Cathy Price, Richard Mannion, Peter J Hutchinson, Dyfrig A Hughes, Anthony Marson, Paula R Williamson: Surgical microdiscectomy versus transforaminal epidural steroid injection in patients with sciatica secondary to herniated lumbar disc (NERVES): a phase 3, multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation.  

Lancet Rheumatology 2021 Published Online March 18, 2021 

Arlette Albisser, Yann Le Clec’h, Haiko Sprott First Neck pain and migraine: Association or cause? A narrative review of the literature Clinical and Translational Neuroscience 

April 4, 2019 

Hill W: The role of occupational therapy in pain management, Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine, Volume 17, Issue 9, September 2016, Pages 451-453 

Recommended Reading May 2021

Ani Nalbandian, Kartik Sehgal, Elaine Y. Wan: Post-acute COVID-19 syndrome. Nature Medicine (2021)

Beukenhorst, Anna L. Schultz, David M. McBeth, John. Sergeant, Jamie C. Dixon, William G: Are weather conditions associated with chronic musculoskeletal pain? Review of results and methodologies. PAIN: April 2020 - Volume 161 - Issue 4 - p 668-683 

Giovanni E Ferreira, Andrew J McLachlan, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Joshua R Zadro, Christina Abdel-Shaheed, Mary O’Keefe, Chris G Maher: Efficacy and safety of antidepressants for the treatment of back pain and osteoarthritis: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 2021 Jan; 372 

Nina Bendelin, Pär Björkdahl , Mimmi Risell, Karin Zetterqvist Nelson, Björn Gerdle, Gerhard Andersson and Monica Buhrman: Patients’ experiences of internet-based Acceptance and commitment therapy for chronic pain: a qualitative study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders (2020) 21:212 

Simon Thomson  Frank Huygen  Simon Prangnell  José De Andrés  Ganesan Baranidharan  Hayat Belaïd  Neil Berry  Bart Billet  Jan Cooil  Giuliano De Carolis  Laura Demartini  Sam Eldabe  Kliment Gatzinsky  Jan W. Kallewaard  Kaare Meier  Mery Paroli  Angela Stark  Matthias Winkelmüller  Herman Stoevelaar: Appropriate referral and selection of patients with chronic pain for spinal cord stimulation: European consensus recommendations and e‐health tool.

European Journal of Pain: Volume24, Issue 6, July 2020, Pages 1169-1181 

A. Leung-Wright: Physiotherapy for chronic pelvic pain: a review of the latest evidence. Journal of Pelvic, Obstetric and Gynaecological Physiotherapy, Autumn 2020, 127, 26–38 

Émilie Lagueux, Andréa Dépelteau and Julie Masse: Occupational Therapy’s Unique Contribution to Chronic Pain Management: A Scoping Review. Pain Research and Management Volume 2018 |Article ID 5378451 | 

Karen D. Davis, Herta Flor, Henry T. Greely, Gian Domenico Iannetti, Sean Mackey, Markus Ploner, Amanda Pustilnik, Irene Tracey, Rolf-Detlef Treede and Tor D. Wager: Brain imaging tests for chronic pain: medical, legal and ethical issues and recommendations. October 2017, Volume 13, 624 -638 

Recommended Reading April 2021

C. Small, H. Laycock:  Acute postoperative pain management BJS Volume107, Issue2  Special Issue: Advances in perioperative care  January 2020 

Tonia L. Vincent: Peripheral pain mechanisms in osteoarthritis Pain. 2020 Sep; 161(1): S138–S146. 

Friso de Vries, Mees Bruin, Daniel J Lobatto, Olaf M Dekkers, Jan W Schoones, Wouter R van Furth, Alberto M Pereira, Niki Karavitaki, Nienke R Biermasz, Amir H Zamanipoor Najafabadi: Opioids and Their Endocrine Effects: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Volume 105, Issue 4, April 2020, Pages 1020–1029 

Christopher Eccleston, Fiona M. Blyth, Blake F. Dear, Emma A. Fisher, Francis J. Keefe, Mary E. Lynch, Tonya M. Palermo, M. Carrington Reid, and Amanda C de C Williams:  Managing patients with chronic pain during the COVID-19 outbreak: considerations for the rapid introduction of remotely supported (eHealth) pain management services. Pain. 2020 May; 161(5): 889–893. 

Elbert A. Joostena and Glenn Frankena: Spinal cord stimulation in chronic neuropathic pain: mechanisms of action, new locations, new paradigms Pain. 2020 Sep; 161(1): S104–S113. 

Anne Mette Schmidt, Trine Bay Laurberg, Line Thorndal Moll, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Thomas Maribo: The effect of an integrated multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme for patients with chronic low back pain: Long-term follow up of a randomised controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, October 2020 

Jennifer Pearson, Katie Whale, Nicola E Walsh, Sandi Derham,  Julie Russell,  Fiona Cramp: 

Fibromyalgia Self‐Management: Mapping the behaviour change techniques used in a practice‐based programme    Musculoskeletal Care Volume18, Issue3, September 2020,  Pages 372-382 

L McLean House, II, MD, Kayla N Tabari, RN, Travis N Rieder, PhD, Zachary L McCormick, MD  Pain in the Pandemic: Ethical Approaches During COVID-19  

Pain Medicine, Volume 21, Issue 11, November 2020, Pages 2629–2633 

Recommended Reading March 2021

Clauw D, Hauser W, Cohen S, Fitzcharles MA: Considering the potential for an increase in chronic pain after the COVID-19 pandemic Pain. 2020 Aug; 161(8): 1694–1697. 

Gary R: William D. Willis, Jr, MD, PhD Memorial Lecture: The evolutionary history of nerve growth factor and nociception.  Published online 2020 Aug 19. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001889; Pain. 2020 Sep; 161(1): S36–S47. 

Blanco FJ, Guermazi A, Miki K, Yamabe T, Viktrup L, Junor R, Carey W, Brown M, West C, Verburg KSubcutaneous tanezumab for osteoarthritis of the hip or knee: efficacy and safety results from a 24-week randomised phase III study with a 24-week follow-up period. Ann Rheum Dis 2020;79:800–810. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2019-216296 

Shapiro, F: The Role of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy in Medicine: Addressing the Psychological and Physical Symptoms Stemming from Adverse Life Experiences Perm J. 2014 Winter; 18(1): 71–77. 

Manchikanti L, Kosanovic R, Vanaparthy R, Vangala B, Soin A, Sachdeva H, Shah S, Knezevic N, Hirsch J. Steroid Distancing in Interventional Pain Management During COVID-19 and Beyond: Safe, Effective and Practical Approach  Pain Physician 2020; 23:S319-S350 • ISSN 2150-1149 

Trujillo M, Alvarez A, Nguyen L, Petros J  Embodiment in Virtual Reality for the Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain: A Case Series  J Pain Res. 2020; 13: 3131–3137. Published online 2020 Nov 25. doi: 10.2147/JPR.S275312 

Nicholson C, Edwards M, Carson A, Gardiner P, Golder D, Hayword K, Humblestone S,  Jinadu H, Lumsden C, MacLean J, Main L, Macgregor L, Nielsen G, Oakley L, Price J, Ranford J, Ranu J, Sum E, Stone J - Occupational therapy consensus recommendations for functional neurological disorder J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2020;91:1037–1045. doi:10.1136/jnnp-2019-322281 

Chan S, Tulloch E, Cooper S, Smith A, Wojcik W, Norman J: Montgomery and informed consent: where are we now?  BMJ 2017; 357 doi: (Published 12 May 2017) 

Recommended Reading October 2023

Pain Medicine

Traeger AC, Gilbert SE, Harris IA, Maher CG.

Spinal cord stimulation for low back pain.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2023 Mar 7;3(3):CD014789

Pain Science

Caylor J, Reddy R, Yin S, Cui C, Huang M, Huang C, Ramesh R, Baker DG, Simmons A, Souza D, Narouze S, Vallejo R, Lerman I.

Spinal cord stimulation in chronic pain: evidence and theory for mechanisms of action.

Bioelectron Med. 2019 Jun 28;5:12.


Harned ME, Gish B, Zuelzer A, Grider JS.

Anesthetic Considerations and Perioperative Management of Spinal Cord Stimulators: Literature Review and Initial Recommendations.

Pain Physician. 2017 May;20(4):319-329


Thomson S, Huygen F, Prangnell S, De Andrés J, Baranidharan G, Belaïd H, Berry N, Billet B, Cooil J, De Carolis G, Demartini L, Eldabe S, Gatzinsky K, Kallewaard JW, Meier K, Paroli M, Stark A, Winkelmüller M, Stoevelaar H.

Appropriate referral and selection of patients with chronic pain for spinal cord stimulation: European consensus recommendations and e-health tool.

Eur J Pain. 2020 Jul;24(6):1169-1181.

Interventional Pain Medicine

Eldabe S, Duarte RV, Gulve A, Thomson S, Baranidharan G, Houten R, Jowett S, Sandhu H, Chadwick R, Brookes M, Kansal A, Earle J, Bell J, Robinson J, Walker S, Rhodes S, Taylor RS.

Does a screening trial for spinal cord stimulation in patients with chronic pain of neuropathic origin have clinical utility and cost-effectiveness (TRIAL-STIM)? A randomised controlled trial.

Pain. 2020 Dec;161(12):2820-2829.


Patel CB, Patel AA, Diwan S.

The Role of Neuromodulation in Chronic Pelvic Pain: A Review Article.

Pain Physician. 2022 Jul;25(4)

Occupational Therapy

Hara S, Andresen H, Solheim O, Carlsen SM, Sundstrøm T, Lønne G, Lønne VV, Taraldsen K, Tronvik EA, Øie LR, Gulati AM, Sagberg LM, Jakola AS, Solberg TK, Nygaard ØP, Salvesen ØO, Gulati S.

Effect of Spinal Cord Burst Stimulation vs Placebo Stimulation on Disability in Patients With Chronic Radicular Pain After Lumbar Spine Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA. 2022 Oct 18;328(15):1506-1514.

Ethics and Law

Baranidharan G, Bretherton B, Black S.

A case series of new radicular pain following the insertion of spinal cord stimulator.

Br J Pain. 2022 Aug;16(4):450-457.