References & Further Reading
Birnie KA, Noel M, Chambers CT et al (2018) Psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 10: Cd005179.
Ambuel B, Hamlett K, Marx C et al. Assessing distress in paediatric intensive care environments: the COMFORT scale. J Paediatr Psychol 1992; 17: 95–109.
Howard R, Carter B, Curry J et al (2008a) Pain assessment. Paediatr Anaesth 18(Suppl 1): 14–18.
van Dijk M, de Boer JB, Koot HM et al (2000) The reliability and validity of the COMFORT scale as a postoperative pain instrument in 0 to 3-year-old infants. Pain 84(2-3): 367–77.
Schug SA, Scott DA, Mott JF, Halliwell R, Palmer GM, Alcock M; APM:SE Working Group of the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists and Faculty of Pain Medicine (2020), Acute Pain Management: Scientific Evidence (5th edition), ANZCA & FPM, Melbourne. Chapter 10.3 Paediatric Pain Assessment.